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This study is the result of internally funded RAND Corporation research. It seeks to provide a preliminary overview of the challenges posed by radicalized and extremist prisoners, and to explore the potential for the radicalization of young European Muslims in the prison environment. The study draws on the body of existing prison theory literature, historical case examples and contemporary open sources. It draws a number of conclusions about the potential in prison for extremist activity, including radicalization, and highlights a number of areas where further research and action may be desirable.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    Prison, Religion and Radicalization

  • Chapter Three

    Historical Precedents

  • Chapter Four

    Violent Jihadists and Prison

  • Chapter Five

    The Spectrum of Radicalized Prisoner Behaviour in Prison

  • Chapter Six

    Conclusions and Recommendations

Research conducted by

The research described in this report was prepared for and funded by the RAND Corporation and was conducted by RAND Europe.

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