We analyze the 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000, and 2010 Brazilian Demographic Censuses, in order to investigate the associated factors with a woman having had a live birth during the year prior to each census. We estimated logistic regression models for women aged 10-49 years. As independent variables, we selected region of residence, rural/urban location, presence of electricity, color/race, religion, marital status, labor market participation, time of residence in the municipality, information about whether they had a stillbirth, age, education, and parity. Our findings confirm that the probability a woman had a child is higher in the North and Northeast regions, as well as in households without electricity. Women that have a greater chance of having had a child are black/brown, Catholic, married, non-labor market participants, short-term migrants, experienced a stillbirth, between 20-29 years of age, have less education, and have higher parity. Patterns have been changing throughout time, thus posing questions for further analyses.
Amaral, Ernesto F. L., Mariana Eugenio Almeida, and Guilherme Quaresma Goncalves, Characterization of Fertility Levels in Brazil, 1970-2010. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2015. https://www.rand.org/pubs/working_papers/WR1091.html.
Amaral, Ernesto F. L., Mariana Eugenio Almeida, and Guilherme Quaresma Goncalves, Characterization of Fertility Levels in Brazil, 1970-2010, Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation, WR-1091, 2015. As of October 26, 2021: https://www.rand.org/pubs/working_papers/WR1091.html