In this report, the authors quantify the frequency of errors in reserve component (RC) activation data, discuss the potential sources of each type of error, and estimate the potential impact of these errors on RC member benefits.
Today’s new veterans have access to generous and flexible education benefits through the Post-9/11 GI Bill. But it is difficult to determine the effectiveness of these benefits and who is using them. Additional research could help address these gaps and improve understanding of veterans’ needs.
Many types of federal educational benefits are available to U.S. veterans. However, there are many ways Congress can ensure long-term viability of assistance, thus improving access to affordable higher education for the post-9/11 generation and their families.
Federal educational assistance programs offer U.S. military personnel many pathways to obtaining college degrees. But service members may require assistance navigating the disparate programs and sources of information available to them.
Almost 450,000 servicemembers have elected to transfer some portion of their GI Bill benefits, predominantly to their children. These numbers suggest the extent of the Bill's potential effects on social mobility and educational attainment for the next generation.
Issues such as rising tuition costs, an increasing numbers of for-profit institutions that target veterans, and a potentially confusing array of benefit options could mitigate the impact of financial aid benefits designed to help veterans attend college.
To better tailor the benefits to the actual needs of veterans, it is important to determine how much the implementation has really improved, and if there are lessons that can be drawn to improve future initiatives. Of critical concern is whether veterans have the information they need to take the best advantage of their GI Bill benefits.
Veterans choose for-profit colleges because their tuition rates are set to match allowable GI Bill benefits; they have adult-oriented, career-focused programs with flexible schedules; they accept military transcripts; courses are available when needed; and students can attend the same institution in multiple states if they relocate.
Though for-profit institutions had been criticized in the Senate report as offering credits that were hard to transfer elsewhere, it was the colleges' willingness to accept military transcripts that appealed to veterans who wanted to complete their degrees as fast as possible, writes Jennifer Steele.
The Post-9/11 GI Bill increased the higher education benefits available to eligible individuals. Offering benefits to nearly 2 million veterans, it is more generous than previous bills but beneficiaries report challenges in using the new benefits.
Researchers found that while most proposed changes would improve overall recruiting, some could actuallycreate a recruiting problem by reducing the military's ability to channel high-quality recruits to hard-to-fill skill areas.