Gender Integration in the Military

  • Report

    Establishing Gender-Neutral Physical Standards for Ground Combat Occupations: Volume 1. A Review of Best-Practice Methods

    This report identifies and describes the best-practice methodologies for establishing valid, gender-neutral standards for physically demanding military jobs.

    Jun 19, 2018

  • Report

    Establishing Gender-Neutral Physical Standards for Ground Combat Occupations: Volume 2. A Review of the Military Services' Methods

    This report (Volume 2) provides results of RAND's work reviewing and evaluating the U.S. military services' approaches to setting gender-neutral physical standards for combat occupations, using best practices described in Volume 1 as a framework.

    Jun 19, 2018

  • A 74th Expeditionary Fighter Squadron A-10 Thunderbolt II pilot in her aircraft during the squadron's deployment in support of Operation Atlantic Resolve at Graf Ignatievo, Bulgaria, March 18, 2016


    How the U.S. Air Force Could Retain More Female Officers

    Women are underrepresented among the Air Force's senior leadership compared with their representation among the lower ranks. Focus groups with female officers identified key retention factors and potential ways to improve Air Force policies and programs to address female officer retention.

    Apr 10, 2018

  • Silhouetted soldiers on patrol at sunset


    On RAND's Research Findings Regarding Transgender Military Personnel Policy

    In September 2015, the Department of Defense asked RAND to initiate a study on the implications of allowing transgender personnel to serve openly. Since its publication, the research has been widely viewed as the most comprehensive and authoritative analysis on this topic. RAND stands by the study's research approach, analysis, and findings.

    Mar 27, 2018

  • Airman Leadership School students participate in a drill exercise


    How to Increase Gender Integration in Air Force Basic Training

    Now that all positions in the Air Force are open to women, USAF leadership is looking for ways to better integrate them during basic training. There are five options that could increase gender-integrated training, but the best solution will depend on USAF priorities.

    Mar 5, 2018

  • Knights Brigade Soldiers take the oath of reenlistment in the courtyard of the Burg Lichtenberg castle in Kusel, Germany, April 1, 2016


    Promising Approaches to Army Institutional Change

    The U.S. Army is facing many challenges. These include behavioral health issues, misconduct, and adjustment to changing demographics. Long-term solutions will require changes in Army culture and climate. Such changes are difficult, but promising strategies do exist.

    Dec 5, 2017

  • Periodical

    RAND Review: November-December 2017

    This issue highlights recent RAND research on post-9/11 military caregivers; RAND-Lex, a computer program built at RAND that can analyze huge data sets of text; and the implications of climate change on Arctic cooperation.

    Oct 19, 2017

  • The U.S. Capitol building illuminated at night in Washington, D.C.


    RAND's Summer Reading List for Congress

    Hill staffers can make the most of the Congressional recess with this list of must-read research and commentary on the policy issues they will be addressing this fall.

    Aug 4, 2017

  • Soldiers provide perimeter security outside a village where troops search for a weapons cache in the Spin Boldak district in Afghanistan's Kandahar province, March 3, 2013


    How to Bolster Recruitment of Women into the U.S. Military

    As ground combat jobs transition to include women, efforts to improve the recruitment process are expanding. Having more female recruiters could help, as could creating outreach materials that counter stereotypes and highlight the roles of women in the military.

    Jun 28, 2017

  • Periodical

    RAND Review: September-October 2016

    This issue highlights transgender personnel in the U.S. military; promising evidence on personalized learning in U.S. classrooms; a Q&A on gaming and public policy; excerpts from John Lewis' Pardee RAND commencement address, and more.

    Aug 29, 2016

  • U.S. Army Capt. Jennifer Peace poses near her home in Spanaway, Washington, August 28, 2015


    Transgender Troops: Fit to Serve

    The Pentagon's decision to open the ranks to transgender service members was informed by months of RAND research into the costs and numbers involved.

    Aug 18, 2016

  • A 23rd Special Tactics Training Squadron student guards the perimeter in a counter-insurgency exercise

    Research Brief

    The Implications of Allowing Transgender Personnel to Serve Openly

    As the U.S. Department of Defense reviews potential changes to its policy on transgender service members, it will need to consider this population's unique health care needs, the potential costs associated with extending coverage for these needs, and the readiness implications of allowing transgender service members to serve openly.

    Jun 30, 2016

  • U.S. Marines storm aboard MSC dry cargo/ammunition ship USNS Laramie during a visit, board, search, and seizure exercise


    The Implications of Allowing Transgender Personnel to Serve Openly

    If the U.S. military decides to let transgender people serve openly, the number would likely be a small fraction of the total force and have minimal impact on readiness and health care costs.

    Jun 30, 2016

  • News Release

    Impact of Transgender Personnel on Readiness and Health Care Costs in the U.S. Military Likely to Be Small

    The U.S. Department of Defense has been reviewing its policy that bans transgender personnel from serving openly. If transgender people were allowed to serve openly, the number would likely be a small fraction of the total force and have minimal impact on readiness and health care costs.

    Jun 30, 2016

  • Periodical

    RAND Review: May-June 2016

    This issue highlights integrative medicine and the future of health care; the RAND American Life Panel; a commentary on how to expedite the process of resolving open cases at Guantánamo Bay; women soldiers on the special ops battlefield; and more.

    May 2, 2016

  • Content

    Andrea A. Golay

    Technical Analyst
    Education M.A. in security studies, Georgetown University; M.S. in oceanography, University of California San Diego; B.S. in physics, University of Maryland Baltimore County; B.A. in history, University of Maryland Baltimore County