Gender Integration in the Military

  • Knights Brigade Soldiers take the oath of reenlistment in the courtyard of the Burg Lichtenberg castle in Kusel, Germany, April 1, 2016


    Promising Approaches to Army Institutional Change

    The U.S. Army is facing many challenges. These include behavioral health issues, misconduct, and adjustment to changing demographics. Long-term solutions will require changes in Army culture and climate. Such changes are difficult, but promising strategies do exist.

    Dec 5, 2017

  • Periodical

    RAND Review: November-December 2017

    This issue highlights recent RAND research on post-9/11 military caregivers; RAND-Lex, a computer program built at RAND that can analyze huge data sets of text; and the implications of climate change on Arctic cooperation.

    Oct 19, 2017

  • The U.S. Capitol building illuminated at night in Washington, D.C.


    RAND's Summer Reading List for Congress

    Hill staffers can make the most of the Congressional recess with this list of must-read research and commentary on the policy issues they will be addressing this fall.

    Aug 4, 2017

  • Soldiers provide perimeter security outside a village where troops search for a weapons cache in the Spin Boldak district in Afghanistan's Kandahar province, March 3, 2013


    How to Bolster Recruitment of Women into the U.S. Military

    As ground combat jobs transition to include women, efforts to improve the recruitment process are expanding. Having more female recruiters could help, as could creating outreach materials that counter stereotypes and highlight the roles of women in the military.

    Jun 28, 2017

  • Periodical

    RAND Review: September-October 2016

    This issue highlights transgender personnel in the U.S. military; promising evidence on personalized learning in U.S. classrooms; a Q&A on gaming and public policy; excerpts from John Lewis' Pardee RAND commencement address, and more.

    Aug 29, 2016

  • U.S. Army Capt. Jennifer Peace poses near her home in Spanaway, Washington, August 28, 2015


    Transgender Troops: Fit to Serve

    The Pentagon's decision to open the ranks to transgender service members was informed by months of RAND research into the costs and numbers involved.

    Aug 18, 2016

  • News Release

    Impact of Transgender Personnel on Readiness and Health Care Costs in the U.S. Military Likely to Be Small

    The U.S. Department of Defense has been reviewing its policy that bans transgender personnel from serving openly. If transgender people were allowed to serve openly, the number would likely be a small fraction of the total force and have minimal impact on readiness and health care costs.

    Jun 30, 2016

  • A 23rd Special Tactics Training Squadron student guards the perimeter in a counter-insurgency exercise

    Research Brief

    The Implications of Allowing Transgender Personnel to Serve Openly

    As the U.S. Department of Defense reviews potential changes to its policy on transgender service members, it will need to consider this population's unique health care needs, the potential costs associated with extending coverage for these needs, and the readiness implications of allowing transgender service members to serve openly.

    Jun 30, 2016

  • U.S. Marines storm aboard MSC dry cargo/ammunition ship USNS Laramie during a visit, board, search, and seizure exercise


    How Might Allowing Transgender Personnel to Serve Openly Affect the U.S. Military?

    The Department of Defense recently announced that it will allow transgender personnel to serve openly. The number of transgender members will likely be a small fraction of the total force and have minimal impact on readiness and health care costs.

    Jun 30, 2016

  • Periodical

    RAND Review: May-June 2016

    This issue highlights integrative medicine and the future of health care; the RAND American Life Panel; a commentary on how to expedite the process of resolving open cases at Guantánamo Bay; women soldiers on the special ops battlefield; and more.

    May 2, 2016

  • Content

    Shira Efron

    Associate Policy Researcher, RAND; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in policy analysis, Pardee RAND Graduate School; M.A in international affairs/business, New York University; B.Sc. in biology, Tel Aviv University

  • Content

    Andrea A. Golay

    Technical Analyst
    Education M.A. in security studies, Georgetown University; M.S. in oceanography, University of California San Diego; B.S. in physics, University of Maryland Baltimore County; B.A. in history, University of Maryland Baltimore County