Market Regulation

  • Members from the Tyndall Program Management Office, Air Force contracting, Air Force Installation and Mission Support Center and Air Force Civil Engineer Center evaluate technical presentations from four vendors vying for the $9 million Other Transaction Authority opportunity to develop an innovative operations center prototype at the PMO’s virtual Pitch Day Sept. 14, 2020, photo by Taylor Koopman/U.S. Air Force

    Report

    Prototyping Using Other Transactions: Case Studies for the Acquisition Community

    Through literature reviews, interviews, and case studies, researchers reviewed recent U.S. Air Force experience in using other transactions for prototype projects (OTs), identifying lessons for acquisition professionals and improvements for use.

    Aug 31, 2020

  • Cloud service icon with options and devices, photo by artisteer/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Too Interconnected to Fail

    The 2007–08 financial crisis made regulators and lawmakers acutely aware that some financial institutions had become too big to fail. The next big economic crisis may arise outside the financial sector, in highly networked companies that are too interconnected to fail.

    Aug 22, 2020

  • Journal Article

    Abuses of FDA Regulatory Procedures: The Case of Suboxone

    In the profitable buprenorphine market, pharmaceutical manufacturer Reckitt Benckiser exploited various Food and Drug Administration regulatory procedures to impede entry of generic competitors and maintain elevated prices.

    Apr 29, 2020

  • Journal Article

    Generic Drug Policy and Suboxone to Treat Opioid Use Disorder

    In this article, the authors use the case of Suboxone to demonstrate egregious anti-competitive practices that delay generic entry, estimate the costs of these delays to the public, and suggest legislative and regulatory reforms to prevent these practices going forward.

    Apr 28, 2020

  • A combination picture shows packs of cigarettes, unveiled by European Health and Consumer Protection Commissioner David Byrne at a news conference in Brussels October 22, 2004, photo by Stringer/Reuters

    News Release

    Graphic Warning Labels on Tobacco Packages Can Deter Some Smokers

    Placing graphic anti-smoking warning labels on cigarette packages may deter some adults from purchasing tobacco products. But the strategy is unlikely to influence smokers who are most addicted to nicotine.

    Apr 9, 2019

  • Journal Article

    The Impact of Labor Market Regulation on Employment in Low-Income Countries: A Meta-Analysis

    We conclude that the evidence for LICs (and recent LICs) points to a negative effect of regulations on formal employment, and a compensating positive effect on informal employment.

    Sep 19, 2018

  • Journal Article

    The Impact of Trade Liberalization on Productivity: Evidence from India's Formal and Informal Manufacturing Sectors

    This paper was first to consider the effects of India's tariff liberalization on the entire manufacturing industry, both small, informal firms and large, formal firms. The overall effect of the trade reforms is increased productivity in both sectors.

    Sep 19, 2018

  • An unfinished monorail project in Sao Paulo, Brazil, March 3, 2016

    Commentary

    Regulating Infrastructures in the Tropics

    Regulation helps address the demands of investors who are seeking assurances that their investments are safe, while also reassuring democratically elected governments. Regulatory reform could help Brazil attract more private investment in its infrastructure.

    May 26, 2017

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    Report

    Inching Toward Reform: Trump's Deregulation and Its Implementation

    How well does President Donald Trump's plans for a regulation roll-back address the concerns of those who have long supported regulatory reform, and how can agencies best tackle the challenges and opportunities of implementation?

    May 18, 2017

  • Report

    Regulation of logistics infrastructure in Brazil

    This report deals with the regulation of logistics infrastructures in Brazil, focusing in particular on the federal level. Brazil, one of the key emerging economies in the world, has a particular need for developing logistics infrastructures.

    May 8, 2017

  • Financial video game

    Commentary

    Let's (Not) Play Games with Dodd-Frank

    Dodd-Frank, the 2010 financial reform law, is now itself the target of reform. Those involved with the overhaul could draw inspiration from an unlikely source: video games. A simulation game could help predict the effects of changes to regulations—and avoid high-stakes missteps.

    May 4, 2017

  • A coder types on laptop keyboard

    Commentary

    Reining in Internet Abuse

    The internet is being used for harmful, unethical, and illegal purposes. Examples include incitement and recruitment by terrorists, cyber bullying, and malicious fake news. Americans say they are unhappy with the tone of the online discourse, but are reluctant to consider potential remedies.

    Mar 23, 2017

  • A marijuana joint on a coffeeshop table in Amsterdam, Netherlands

    Commentary

    The Future of Cannabis in the Netherlands

    The Netherlands should proceed cautiously in implementing any marijuana regulations, taking into account the models devised elsewhere and remembering that once enacted the rules will be difficult to change.

    Feb 1, 2017

  • Medical marijuana

    Testimony

    Regulating Medical Marijuana Markets: Insights from State Experiments

    In setting rules and regulations for medical marijuana programs, legislators should consider the structures that supply medical marijuana, the effects of commercialization, and the impact of laws on youth.

    Jan 25, 2017

  • An NYPD officer stands across the street from the Apple Store on 5th Ave. in New York, March 11, 2016

    Commentary

    The False Choice at the Core of the Apple-FBI Standoff

    The Apple-FBI case should spark a broader debate among technology companies concerning their role in maintaining the privacy and security balance. A starting point should be to recognize that the majority of cyberattacks are related to phishing—and a user's action—not to whether a device can be secured.

    Mar 21, 2016

  • Bruce Sewell, senior vice president and general counsel for Apple Inc., is sworn in before testifying to the House Judiciary hearing on "The Encryption Tightrope: Balancing Americans' Security and Privacy" March 1, 2016

    Commentary

    How the 'Wonks' of Public Policy and the 'Geeks' of Tech Can Get Together

    Conventional wisdom says that technology innovates and disrupts, while public policy regulates and controls. What might a better integration of the commercial tech sector with the policy community look like?

    Mar 18, 2016

  • An oil refinery is seen in Carson, California, March 4, 2015

    Report

    Proposed Refinery Regulations in California Could Provide Safety and Cost Benefits

    New regulations could improve safety at oil and gas refineries in California and benefit nearby communities. Even if the proposed regulations make refineries only 7.3 percent safer than they are currently, they will be worth their implementation costs.

    Mar 16, 2016

  • Two teenagers at a convenience store counter

    Essay

    Fake Convenience Store, Real Implications for Youth Smoking

    In a simulated convenience store, hiding the can't-miss display of tobacco products behind the cashier decreased kids' intention to smoke in the future.

    Mar 3, 2016

  • Crossing into Romania from Bulgaria on the Danube Bridge

    Commentary

    Why the EU Single Market Is Still an Incomplete Jigsaw

    The Single Market has contributed to economic growth and consumer welfare within the European Union. However, its true potential remains unfulfilled, with gaps in several key areas.

    Feb 16, 2016

  • Medical staff helping senior woman walk with a walker

    Commentary

    More Research Is Needed on Artificial Joints and Patients Can Play a Key Role

    Safety problems with artificial knees and hips, including product recalls, highlight the need for more patient-centered research. RAND has partnered with CreakyJoints in a project intended to train a group of patients to get involved in research on this topic.

    Jan 22, 2016