Test-Based Promotion

  • Graduation cap and diploma

    Report

    Competency-Based Programs Are an Innovative Approach to Higher Education

    Among other benefits, competency-based education programs have the potential to increase the alignment between graduate skills and employer needs, as well as address degree-completion rates by offering new pathways to students.

    Oct 22, 2015

  • Woman using a laptop at her kitchen table

    Commentary

    Exploring New Approaches to Higher Education: The Expansion of Competency-Based Programs

    Policymakers and educators must determine if the risks of maintaining the status quo outweigh the potential benefits of competency-based programs, especially for those students who are ill-served by the traditional higher education model.

    Sep 29, 2015

  • News Release

    New York City's School Promotion and Retention Policy Shows Positive Results for Students

    The New York City Department of Education's test-based promotion and retention policy, which identifies and provides support for struggling students, has demonstrated positive effects for student achievement in fifth grade that continue into seventh grade.

    Oct 15, 2009

  • Research Brief

    Ending Social Promotion in New York City Public Schools Without Leaving Children Behind

    RAND researchers conducted a three-year study of New York City's promotion policy, using interviews, case studies, student surveys, and demographic and test score data to determine its effects on the outcomes of 5th-grade students held to the policy.

    Oct 9, 2009

  • back of graduates during commencement

    Report

    Ending Social Promotion Without Leaving Children Behind: The Case of New York City

    The New York City Department of Education's test-based promotion and retention policy, which identifies and provides support for struggling students, has demonstrated positive effects for student achievement in fifth grade that continue into seventh grade.

    Sep 29, 2009

  • Congressional Briefing Podcast

    Multimedia

    Ending Social Promotion: Examining the Effects of NYC's 5th-Grade Promotion Policy

    In this Congressional Briefing held on October 19, 2009, researchers Jennifer McCombs and Lou Mariano discuss RAND's recently published evaluation of a test-based promotion policy implemented by the New York City Department of Education. The findings will be of interest as many states and school districts are implementing test-based requirements for promotion at key transitional points in students' schooling careers, thus ending the practice of promoting students who have failed to meet academic standards and requirements for that grade.

    Jan 19, 2009

  • Content

    Louis T. Mariano

    Senior Statistician; Head, Statistics Group; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in statistics, Carnegie Mellon University; M.S. in statistics, Carnegie Mellon University; B.S. in mathematics and statistics, American University

  • Periodical

    An Apple a Day

    New York extends its grade retention policy, the practice of keeping low-achieving students at the same grade level for an additional year to give them extra time to catch up, as opposed to social promotion, the practice of promoting students regardless of whether they have mastered the grade content.