• Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Topic Brief: Infantile Epilepsy

    The goal of the topic brief is to identify key management strategies for infantile epilepsy; provide an overview of clinical practice guidelines, systematic reviews, and randomized controlled trials that assess infantile epilepsy; and highlight evidence gaps.

    Oct 24, 2022

  • Two women sit at a table with two young children playing with blocks

    Research Brief

    Decades of Evidence Demonstrate That Early Childhood Programs Can Benefit Children and Provide Economic Returns

    An updated comprehensive review of rigorous evaluations of early childhood programs confirms and strengthens RAND researchers' findings from previous syntheses showing that many early childhood programs can improve a range of outcomes for children.

    Nov 16, 2017

  • Child and adult hands holding a plant in an egg shell


    Early Childhood Programs Can Improve Outcomes and Outweigh Costs

    A review of 115 early childhood interventions — including preschool, home visiting, parent education, and other approaches — finds that most programs have favorable effects on at least one child outcome. And most of the programs with benefit–cost analyses show positive returns.

    Nov 16, 2017

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    The Economic Returns from Investing in Early Childhood Programs in the Granite State

    We assessed investments in early childhood programs in New Hampshire, summarizing benefits and economic returns of three early intervention strategies and estimating costs and benefits of statewide investments in programs for at-risk children.

    Feb 15, 2017

  • A medical professional visiting an infant and her mother at home


    The Costs and Benefits of Investing in Early Childhood in New Hampshire

    Stakeholders in the public and private sectors in New Hampshire have been focused on investments in young children. What do they need to know?

    Feb 15, 2017

  • Preschool children laughing


    Delaware Stars for Early Success: Final Report

    Based on findings from an evaluation of Delaware's quality rating and improvement system (QRIS) for early care and education programs, RAND provided recommendations for state decisionmakers, including considering further refinements to the rating structure, strengthening quality improvement supports, and enhancing administrative data systems.

    Nov 7, 2016

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Predictors of Poor School Readiness in Children Without Developmental Delay at Age 2

    Family level socioeconomic factors may help predict poor school readiness among young children without overt or identifiable developmental delays.

    Aug 29, 2016

  • A group of preschool children sit with their teacher and play musical instruments


    Professional Development for the Early Care and Education Workforce in Shelby County, Tennessee

    This report examines how early care and education caregivers with licensed providers in Shelby County, Tennessee, gain through ongoing professional development the relevant knowledge for working with infants, toddlers, and preschool-age children.

    Apr 13, 2016

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Spending on Children's Personal Health Care in the United States, 1996–2013

    Changes in pediatric health care spending across payor types over time, such as increased expenditures on inpatient well-newborn care and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, can help decision-makers plan for future pediatric health systems.Â

    Mar 28, 2016

  • Mother and son using a touch pad tablet on a plane


    Step Aside, 'Screen Time.' Make Room for 'Screen Purpose.'

    Technology is simply another way to communicate, learn, and play. It shouldn't automatically be regarded as a threat. Whether technology helps or harms children largely depends on how it is used.

    Nov 17, 2015

  • Lynn Karoly


    Lynn Karoly on the Return on Early Childhood Investment

    In this 60 Second Lecture from the Center for High Impact Philanthropy, Lynn Karoly, a senior economist at the RAND Corporation, discusses the return on philanthropic investments in early childhood programs.

    Sep 23, 2015

  • Young children listening to their teacher


    Evaluating Delaware Stars for Early Success: Year Two Report

    In the second year of RAND's evaluation of Delaware's quality rating and improvement system (QRIS), key findings offer insight into provider participation, the use of financial incentives, and the amount of technical assistance received by providers—all pointing to the importance of administrative data in a QRIS.

    Jun 2, 2015

  • Social worker conducting a home visit with a new mother


    MIECHV Reauthorization: Recommendations from Research

    Funding for the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting program was extended through fiscal year 2017, without policy changes. If Congress decides to make policy changes to MIECHV in the future, research on home visiting programs can inform recommendations.

    Apr 17, 2015

  • Preschool teachers or caregivers reading to children


    Investing in Kids Can Yield High Returns: Q&A with Lynn A. Karoly

    There is strong evidence of large potential economic returns to investing in high quality early childhood programs, but that doesn't mean that every program will generate equally large returns. Many programs likely have a “threshold” of quality and intensity that needs to be achieved in order to register positive returns.

    Apr 8, 2015

  • Mom watches on as her baby contemplates steps


    Investing in Early Social and Emotional Development Is Key

    For children to flourish and succeed, they must be able to problem solve, handle stress and develop resilience, and interact appropriately with peers and adults. A study of children in Shelby County, Tennessee identifies factors in the home, child care setting, and community that contribute to social and emotional development.

    Jan 14, 2015

  • pre-school girls drawing


    Evaluating Delaware Stars for Early Success: Year One Report

    As a first step in a larger study of Delaware Stars, a voluntary quality rating and improvement system for early learning and care programs, RAND researchers reviewed prior literature, examined existing data, and interviewed key stakeholders.

    Jun 9, 2014

  • caregiver with boy


    Early and School-Age Care in Santa Monica: Current System, Policy Options, and Recommendations: Executive Summary

    In July 2012, the City of Santa Monica Human Services Division and the Santa Monica-Malibu Unified School District contracted with the RAND Corporation to conduct an assessment of child care programs in Santa Monica.

    Apr 25, 2014

  • young children with teacher playing outside with bubbles


    Early and School-Age Care in Santa Monica

    Researchers examine how well Santa Monica's child care programs meet the needs of families, including child care and early education programs before kindergarten, as well as care for school-aged children, both during the school year and the summer.

    Apr 25, 2014

  • two women with smiling baby girl, adorable, adult, baby, beautiful, caucasian, cheerful, child, cute, daughter, embracing, enjoyment, expression, face, family, fun, funny, generations, girl, granddaughter, grandma, grandmother, happiness, happy, home, infant, lady, laughing, little, love, mature, mother, mum, nanny, offspring, people, playful, senior, smiling, three, three-generation, toddler, together, togetherness, woman, women


    Support for Implementing Home Visiting Under the Affordable Care Act

    One groundbreaking provision of the Affordable Care Act is its funding for home visiting programs that match the parents of young children with trained specialists who provide information, social support, parental skill instruction, and more.

    Jan 8, 2014

  • blue door

    Research Brief

    How to Develop Home Visiting Programs

    Home visiting has achieved prominence on the national policy agenda because of the long-lasting positive outcomes. But how can stakeholders best plan, implement, and evaluate home visiting programs?

    Dec 4, 2013