Discrimination may contribute to the disparate rates of PTSD experienced by African Americans in two lower-income Pittsburgh neighborhoods.
Apr 12, 2018
Using Marijuana, Drinking Alcohol or a Combination of Both: The Association of Marijuana, Alcohol and Sexual Risk Behaviour Among Adolescents
Adolescents were who used both alcohol and marijuana or alcohol alone were more likely than others to report having both two or more sexual partners and condomless sex in the past month.
Mar 22, 2018
The Science of Gun Policy: A Critical Synthesis of Research Evidence on the Effects of Gun Policies in the United States
This report synthesizes the available scientific evidence on the effects of various firearm policies on firearm deaths, violent crime, the gun industry, participation in hunting and sport shooting, and other outcomes.
Mar 2, 2018
Influence of Mental Health and Alcohol or Other Drug Use Risk on Adolescent Reported Care Received in Primary Care Settings
Adolescents at risk for alcohol or other drug use and poor mental health are most likely to benefit from a brief intervention delivered in primary care.
Feb 14, 2018
Improving Children's Lives: Balancing Investments in Prevention and Treatment in the Child Welfare System
RAND researchers' model of the child welfare system shows that increasing prevention while also increasing treatment improves system experience and long-term outcomes while paying for itself by reducing lifetime child welfare system costs.
Dec 11, 2017
To analyze the effects of prevention and treatment programs on child welfare outcomes, RAND researchers modeled how different policy options would affect a child's pathway through the system, costs, and early adulthood outcomes.
Dec 11, 2017
Longer deployments are associated with changes in a range of health-related markers in military veterans as well as their spouses.
Aug 4, 2017
The Association Between Discharge Status, Mental Health, and Substance Misuse Among Young Adult Veterans
Veterans who received General and Other Than Honorable discharges were significantly more likely to screen positive for generalized anxiety disorder, depression, PTSD, and hazardous alcohol use than those who received an Honorable discharge.
Jul 26, 2017
Associations between the relationship behaviors of young veterans and their spouses and measured sleep quality suggest that interventions to decrease hostility could improve both marital and physical health.
Jun 1, 2017
Conduct disorder is associated with risky sexual behavior among youth, but the specific behavior most strongly associated with conduct disorder is different for female and males.
Apr 27, 2017
Adolescent runaway behavior is associated with a range of negative consequences in young adulthood. Therefore, this study aimed to examine predictors of running away in at-risk youth.
Oct 12, 2016
Sleep problems among spouses of military service members were reported at rates higher than the general population and were associated with more symptoms of depression.
May 9, 2016
Depression, Posttraumatic Stress, and Alcohol Misuse in Young Adult Veterans: The Transdiagnostic Role of Distress Tolerance
Low distress tolerance--the capacity to experience and withstand negative psychological states--may be a factor in linking comorbid PTSD, depression, and alcohol misuse among veterans.
Mar 14, 2016