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The U.S. military has had a long-standing interest in the potential for dietary supplements to enhance performance and optimize health among military service personnel. In particular, the military is interested both in exploring the potential of these supplements to help service members adapt to occupational and environmental stressors and in ensuring that manufacturers of dietary supplements for military use adhere to the highest possible standards. In 2009, RAND Health assembled a panel of experts on the design, manufacture, and testing of dietary supplements and conducted an informal, one-day workshop on the manufacture and testing of multicomponent dietary supplements for the military. These conference proceedings summarize workshop discussions on (1) issues pertaining to the assessment and regulation of supplement efficacy and safety and to the special needs of the military, (2) cases illustrating processes that might serve as examples to guide military policy on supplement development and testing, and (3) processes for prioritizing the desired health and performance outcomes.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One

    Introduction and Background

  • Chapter Two

    Issues Pertaining to the Regulation and Assessment of Efficacy and Safety and to the Special Needs of the Military

  • Chapter Three

    Cases Illustrating Processes That Might Serve as Examples to Guide Military Policy on Multicomponent Dietary Supplement Development and Testing

  • Chapter Four

    Prioritizing the Desired Outcomes

  • Chapter Five

    Addressing the Questions

  • Chapter Six

    Closing Comments

The research described in this report was sponsored by the Samueli Institute and was conducted within the RAND Center for Military Health Policy Research, a strategic initiative within RAND Health and the RAND National Security Research Division.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Conference proceeding series. RAND conference proceedings present a collection of papers delivered at a conference or a summary of the conference.

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