A discussion of RAND's mathematical activities, background of mathematics work and most important and/or noteworthy contributions to the public good and welfare. The author describes favorable circumstances for RAND mathematics, including the availability of computers and choices of research problems. Results from RAND's wide-ranging mathematical activities include: Illustrations by toy problems; Game theory; Linear programming; Flows in networks; Monte Carlo methods; Branching Processes; and Dynamic programming. These activities produced new insights and tools and had an economic impact that benefited the public.
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