Cover: Psychological and Physical Health Correlates of Body Cell Mass Depletion Among HIV+ Men

Psychological and Physical Health Correlates of Body Cell Mass Depletion Among HIV+ Men

Published in: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, v. 49, No. 1, 2000, p. 55-57

Posted on rand.org 2000

by Glenn Wagner, Steve J. Ferrando, Judith Godwin Rabkin

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether significant body cell mass depletion related to HIV is associated with declines in physical health and psychological well-being. METHODS: As part of a 2-year prospective HIV study, semiannual assessments included measures of body composition, psychological status, and physical health. RESULTS: As measured by bioelectric impedance analysis, 58 (31%) of 187 enrolled HIV men had significant body cell mass depletion at some point during the study, of who 23 subsequently lost at least an additional 5% of body cell mass in the 6 months between any two consecutive study visits. This additional body cell mass depletion was associated with significant increase in fatigue, global distress and depressive symptomatology, and reduced life satisfaction. CONCLUSION: These data illuminate the importance of monitoring body weight and body cell mass, and the need for awareness of the association between malnutrition, mental health, and quality of life.

This report is part of the RAND external publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.