Effect of Violence on Utilization of Services and Access to Care in Persons with HIV

Published in: Journal of General Internal Medicine, v. 18, no. 2, Feb. 2003, p. 125-127

Posted on RAND.org on December 31, 2002

by David Eisenman, William Cunningham, Sally Zierler, Terry T. Nakazono, Martin F. Shapiro

Read More

Access further information on this document at www.blackwell-synergy.com

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

The authors analyzed the HIV Costs and Service Utilization Study data to determine the association of violence, assessed at baseline, with utilization of and access to health care at follow-up, among gay/bisexual male, heterosexual female, and heterosexual male HIV/AIDS patients. In multivariate analyses, male gay/bisexual violence victims had increased odds of reporting emergency department visits (odds ratio [OR], 1.74; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.20 to 2.52), going without needed medical care because of expense (OR, 1.83; 95% CI, 1.06 to 3.18), and having poor ability to access medical specialists (OR, 1.96; 95% CI, 1.05 to 3.67). Further research is required to understand the association of violence with health care among gay/bisexual men with HIV/AIDS.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.