Association of Family Stressful Life-Change Events and Health-Related Quality of Life in Fifth-Grade Children
Published In: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, v. 165, no. 4, Apr. 2011, p. 354-359
Posted on RAND.org on March 31, 2011
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OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of recent family-related stressful life-change events (SLEs) with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in fifth graders. DESIGN: Population-based, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Three US metropolitan areas; 2004-2006. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 5147 fifth graders and their parents. MAIN EXPOSURES: Nine recent family-related SLEs: a parent's death, another family member's death, a family member's injury/illness, a family member's alcohol/drug problems, loss of a pet, recent change of residence, addition of a new baby or child to the household, parental separation, and parental divorce. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The HRQOL measured using the 23-item Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory. RESULTS: Twenty-four percent of children had no reported recent SLEs; 33% had 1, 25% had 2, 12% had 3, and 6% had 4 or more. Mean HRQOL scores (total, physical, and psychosocial scales) were lower for children with more SLEs. The mean total HRQOL score was 80.4 (95% confidence interval, 79.4-81.3) for children with no recent SLEs and 71.8 (70.2-73.5) for children with 4 or more SLEs (P < .001). In adjusted logistic regression analyses, children with more SLEs had greater odds of impaired HRQOL compared with children without any SLEs. Psychosocial HRQOL fully mediated the relationship between SLEs and physical HRQOL. CONCLUSIONS: The occurrence of multiple family-related SLEs in children is associated with less positive HRQOL. By incorporating the needs of families as part of comprehensive, high-quality care, health care professionals can identify these types of family-level needs and assist families in accessing community resources for support.