Social Determinants of Health

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A complex web of socioeconomic factors—from neighborhood characteristics to racial, ethnic, and gender disparities—often influence individuals' health outcomes. RAND research on the social determinants of health includes the effects of parks and green space on neighborhood physical activity and health outcomes, "food deserts," school meals, and more.

  • A composite image of the neighborhoods of Homewood and Hill District in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Illustration by YaMomzHouse and Haley Okuley / RAND Corporation

    Project

    How Does Neighborhood Investment Affect Residents' Health and Well-Being?

    RAND's PHRESH project has been studying how investments in two Pittsburgh neighborhoods affect diet, sleep, health, and well-being. We've learned that when residents are involved in decisions, communities can become healthier and happier.

    Jun 8, 2021

  • Aerial map image by Google Earth

    Essay

    Environmental Racism: How Historic Redlining Continues to Affect Communities

    Starting in the 1930s, neighborhoods across America were redlined—marked on government maps as too hazardous, as in, too Black or too immigrant, for federal home loans. When zoning officials needed somewhere to put a new factory or freeway, those redlined neighborhoods were like a bullseye that they hit again and again.

    Jun 27, 2022

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