Social Determinants of Health

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A complex web of socioeconomic factors — from neighborhood characteristics to racial, ethnic, and gender disparities — often influence individuals' health outcomes. RAND research on the social determinants of health includes the effects of parks and green space on neighborhood physical activity and health outcomes, "food deserts," school meals, and more.

  • Group of people planting a tree together, photo by Rawpixel/Getty Images

    Report

    Is Civic Engagement Related to Health?

    Sep 18, 2019

    Is there a connection between health and/or well-being and civic activities like voting and volunteering? Is health a cause of civic engagement, a consequence of it, or both? A review of the scientific literature identifies both the links and where further research is needed.

  • A young mother and her daughter walk through a park

    Report

    How Can Parks Help Increase Physical Activity?

    May 7, 2018

    Public neighborhood parks play an important role in providing venues for physical activity in urban areas. But they tend to be underutilized, especially for moderate to vigorous exercise.

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