Pittsburgh has been taking a hard look at race, wealth, and opportunity. In partnership with RAND, the city has run and published its numbers on subjects ranging from police contacts to business ownership to graduation rates as part of a commitment to do better.
This report describes the effects and lessons learned from an assessment of the Hospital Community Cooperative—an effort for hospitals and community organizations to address key social determinants of local health and promote health equity.
Although we observed changes over time in some outcomes that we tracked, ultimately there were no significant changes related to investments above and beyond what we might have expected without those investments.
This study is among the first to examine objective and perceived assessments of neighborhood conditions in relation to objectively measured sleep in a high-risk sample of predominantly low-income, African American residents.
When the Shop 'n Save in Pittsburgh's Hill District closed its doors for good, residents lost the ability to go to a supermarket near their homes. But they also lost something less tangible: a symbol of hope, opportunity, and change for their neighborhood.
Libraries can provide much more than books and internet access. Libraries across the United States are evolving to play a bigger role in community health. Many offer nutrition programs, mental health support, and even free bike-shares.
Understanding existing stress levels within a community can help inform how it responds to acute or traumatic events. RAND researchers outlined a framework to determine cumulative community stress and how it may affect public health and community resilience.
Locating a new supermarket in a low-income neighborhood may improve residents' economic well-being and health. Policymakers should consider broad impacts of neighborhood investment that could translate into improved health for residents of underserved neighborhoods.
People who move to a high-obesity area are more likely to become overweight or obese. This may be due, in part, to “social contagion.” Living in a community where obesity is more common may make inactivity, poor diet, and being overweight or obese more socially acceptable.
Behavioral decision research has traditionally examined how experimental manipulations evoke general cognitive processes; however, it is both feasible and valuable to study individual differences and their relationships to real-world antecedents, concomitants, and consequences.
Despite similar proximity to parks and controlling for a range of individual, park- and neighborhood-level factors, women in high-poverty neighborhoods experience consistent disparities in park use and PA as compared with men.