Standardization

Published in: The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Globalization / George Ritzer, Ed. (Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, Ltd., 2012), v. IV, p. 1922-1926

Posted on RAND.org on January 01, 2012

by Peter Mendel

Read More

Access further information on this document at onlinelibrary.wiley.com

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

The development of standards is normally justified with functional and economic rationales. They enable economies of scale, compatibility of interfaces, and common frameworks for organizing social life and economic production. They convey information to the general public or to specific parties engaged in exchange in a consistent and understandable manner, as well as enhance competition by facilitating comparisons among producers and products. Standards-making is associated with increasing rates of interaction, as methods to enhance or, in the case of some interested actors, dominate exchange.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation external publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.