The Gallant Stand of the U.S. Army's 'Concrete Battleship'
Published in: Army, Mar. 1986, p. 64-68, 71-73
Posted on RAND.org on March 01, 1986
Recounts the story of Fort Drum, also known as El Fraile Island, which became the heavily secured island fortress known as The Concrete Battleship. Situated at the mouth of Manila Bay in the Philippines, due south of Corregidor Island, it was occupied by the Japanese in 1942 and later recaptured by the U.S. after forces ignited oil and gasoline in the fort, leaving it permanently out of commission and ending Japanese resistance in the Manila Bay area.