Clinical Management of Insomnia with Brief Behavioral Treatment (BBTI)
Published In: Behavioral Sleep Medicine, v. 10, no. 4, 2012, p. 266-279
Posted on RAND.org on January 01, 2012
Insomnia is a highly prevalent and debilitating sleep disorder. It is well documented that psychological treatments, including cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI), are efficacious treatments, with effect sizes of comparable magnitude to that of pharmacologic treatment. However, a critical shortage of specialty-trained clinicians with experience in sleep medicine and cognitive-behavioral therapy principles has limited the widespread dissemination of CBTI. A brief (four sessions; two of which may be phone sessions) treatment, titled "Brief Behavioral Treatment for Insomnia" (BBTI), was developed to address many of the barriers to widespread dissemination associated with standard CBTI. Specifically, BBTI has an explicit behavioral focus, is overtly linked to a physiological model of sleep regulation, and utilizes a hardcopy workbook that facilitates its concise delivery format and ease of training clinicians. BBTI has demonstrated efficacy in treating older adults with insomnia (Buysse et al., 2011). This article describes the rationale for the development of BBTI, provides a session-by-session guide to the delivery of the treatment, and concludes with a discussion of contraindications, combined pharmacotherapy treatment, and future directions for the use of BBTI in diverse populations and utilizing different modalities of delivery.