Pilot Controlled Trial of the Adherence Readiness Program

An Intervention to Asses and Sustain HIV Antiretroviral Adherence Readiness

Published in: AIDS and Behavior, v. 17, no. 9, Nov. 2013, p. 3059-3065

by Glenn Wagner, Paul Lovely, Stefan Schneider

Read More

Access further information on this document at AIDS and Behavior

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

To pilot the adherence readiness program, 60 patients planning to start HIV antiretrovirals were assigned to usual care (n = 31) or the intervention (n = 29), of whom 54 started antiretrovirals and were followed for up to 24 weeks. At week 24, the intervention had a large effect (50.0 % vs. 16.7 %, d = 0.75) on optimal dose-timing (85+ % doses taken on time) and small effect (54.2 % vs. 43.3 %, d = 0.22) on optimal dose-taking (85+ % doses taken) electronically monitored adherence, and medium effect on undetectable viral load (62 % 0.5 % vs. 43.4 %, d = 0.41), compared to usual care. These intervention benefits on adherence and viral suppression warrant further investigation.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/research-integrity.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.