Facilitators and Barriers Associated with Implementation of Evidence-Based Psychotherapy in Community Settings

Published In: Psychiatric Services, v. 64, no. 12, Dec. 2013, p. 1263-1266

Posted on RAND.org on December 01, 2013

by Bradley D. Stein, Karen Celedonia, Jane N. Kogan, Holly A. Swartz, Ellen Frank

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OBJECTIVE: Despite widespread use of individual outpatient psychotherapies among community mental health centers (CMHCs), few studies have examined implementation of these psychotherapies. This exploratory qualitative study identified key themes associated with the implementation of an empirically supported psychotherapy in CMHCs. METHODS: The authors conducted semistructured interviews with 12 key informants from four CMHCs that had implemented interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (IPSRT). Their responses were categorized into key themes. RESULTS: Five major themes were identified: pretraining familiarity with IPSRT, administrative support for implementation, IPSRT fit with usual practice and clinic culture, implementation team and plan, and supervision and consultation. Discussion of these themes varied among participants from clinics considered successful or unsuccessful implementers. CONCLUSIONS: Participants identified both key themes and several strategies for facilitating implementation. The findings suggest that when these key factors are present, outcome-enhancing treatments can be implemented and sustained, even in clinics with limited resources.

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