Development and Implementation of the Family Experiences with Coordination of Care Survey Quality Measures
Published in: Academic Pediatrics, [Epub March 2017]. doi:10.1016/j.acap.2017.03.012
Posted on RAND.org on May 17, 2017
Ensuring high quality care coordination for children with medical complexity (CMC) could yield significant health and economic benefits given that they account for one-third of pediatric healthcare expenditures. The objective of this study was to develop and field test the Family Experiences with Coordination of Care (FECC) survey which facilitates assessment of 20 new caregiver-reported quality measures for CMC.
We identified caregivers of Medicaid-insured CMC 0-17 years old in Minnesota and Washington State, categorized by the Pediatric Medical Complexity Algorithm as having complex chronic disease. Eligible caregivers had CMC with at least four visits to healthcare providers participating in Medicaid in 2012. Caregivers were randomized to telephone or mixed mode (mail with telephone follow-up). Survey administration and data were collected in 2013.
1209 caregivers responded to the FECC survey (response rate 41%; 36% by telephone only, 45% by mixed mode; p<0.001). Among CMC with a hospitalization, caregivers were invited to join hospital rounds in 51% of cases. Seventy-two percent of caregivers reported their child had a care coordinator; among these, 96% reported knowing how to access the care coordinator. Few children had written shared care plans (44%) or emergency care plans (20%). Only 10% of adolescents had a written transition care plan. Scores were lower from mixed mode respondents than from telephone-only respondents for some measures.
The FECC survey enables the evaluation of care coordination quality for CMC. Both survey modes were feasible to implement, but mixed mode administration produced a higher response rate.