What Matters Most to Whom

Racial, Ethnic, and Language Differences in the Health Care Experiences Most Important to Patients

Published in: Medical Care [Epub September 2017]. doi:10.1097/MLR.0000000000000804

Posted on RAND.org on October 12, 2017

by Rebecca L. Collins, Ann C. Haas, Amelia Haviland, Marc N. Elliott

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Background

Some aspects of patient experience are more strongly related to overall ratings of care than others, reflecting their importance to patients. However, little is known about whether the importance of different aspects of this experience differs across subgroups.

Objectives

To determine whether the aspects of health care most important to patients differ according to patient race, ethnicity, and language preference. Research Design: In response to the 2013 Medicare Consumer Assessment of Health Plans Study (CAHPS) survey, patients rated their overall health care and completed items measuring five patient experience domains. We estimated a linear regression model to assess associations between overall rating of care and the 5 domains, testing for differences in these relationships for race/ethnicity/language groups, controlling for covariates.

Subjects

In total 242,782 Medicare beneficiaries, age 65 years or older.

Measures

Overall rating of health care, composite patient experience scores for: doctor communication, getting needed care, getting care quickly, customer service, and care coordination.

Results

A joint test of the interactions between the composite scores and the 5 largest racial/ethnic/language subgroups was statistically significant (P <0.0001), suggesting the importance of domains varied across subgroups. Doctor communication had the strongest relationship with care ratings for non-Hispanic whites and English-preferring Hispanics. Getting needed care had the strongest relationship for Spanish-preferring Hispanics and Asian/Pacific Islanders. Doctor communication and getting care quickly were strongest for African Americans.

Conclusions

Tailoring quality improvement programs to the factors most important to the racial, ethnic, and language mix of the patient population of the practice, hospital, or plan may more efficiently reduce disparities and improve quality.

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