Retrospective Review of Comorbid Conditions in a Multidisciplinary Pediatric Weight Management Clinic
Published in: Clinical Pediatrics [Epub October 2017]. doi: 10.1177/0009922817734205
Posted on RAND.org on December 07, 2017
A retrospective medical chart review was conducted of patients enrolled in the Fit for Healthy Weight Clinic (Fit Clinic). At initial evaluation, comorbidities were identified by the patient and pediatrician. The number of comorbidities increased with age among patients. In reviewing the differences among the number of identified comorbidities among grade school age and adolescent patients, increases of 30% were observed in gastrointestinal-associated, 23% in psychiatric, 18% in endocrine, 16% in cardiovascular, and 14% in respiratory comorbidities. Fit Clinic patients already manifest many known obesity-related comorbidities as evidenced in identified conditions and abnormal laboratory values. The elevated blood pressures, blood glucose, and cholesterol levels raise concern for the future development of coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. With an average of five obesity-related comorbidities, Fit Clinic patients already have more comorbidities than what is evidenced in large US population-based studies, demonstrating that solely addressing body mass index is not sufficient.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.