Examining the Food-Energy-Water and Conflict Nexus

Published in:Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering, Volume 18 (November 2017), Pages 55-60. doi: 10.1016/j.coche.2017.10.002

Posted on RAND.org on January 30, 2018

by Michele Abbott, Morgan Bazilian, Daniel Egel, Henry H. Willis

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There is growing evidence of a strong linkage or 'nexus' between conflict — both domestic and international — and food, energy, and water (FEW) resources and services. This article demonstrates a positive, significant correlation between two measures, FEW security and political stability, and reviews the evidence for how each of these three types of resource insecurities affects political and social stability. We describe what is known about the FEW-conflict nexus itself, note that remaining knowledge gaps include evidence on developing governance structures and preparing for climate change, and examine the types of policies that countries and international donors might take to help mitigate the role that FEW can play in affecting stability.

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