Standards of Evidence for Conducting and Reporting Economic Evaluations in Prevention Science

Published in: Prevention Science, Volume 19, Issue 3 (April 2018), Pages 366–390. doi:10.1007/s11121-017-0858-1

Posted on RAND.org on April 26, 2018

by D. Max Crowley, Kenneth A. Dodge, W. Steven Barnett, Phaedra Corso, Sarah Duffy, Phillip Graham, Mark T. Greenberg, Ron Haskins, Laura Hill, Damon E. Jones, Lynn A. Karoly, Margaret R. Kuklinski, Robert Plotnick

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Over a decade ago, the Society for Prevention Research endorsed the first standards of evidence for research in preventive interventions. The growing recognition of the need to use limited resources to make sound investments in prevention led the Board of Directors to charge a new task force to set standards for research in analysis of the economic impact of preventive interventions. This article reports the findings of this group's deliberations, proposes standards for economic analyses, and identifies opportunities for future prevention science. Through examples, policymakers' need and use of economic analysis are described. Standards are proposed for framing economic analysis, estimating costs of prevention programs, estimating benefits of prevention programs, implementing summary metrics, handling uncertainty in estimates, and reporting findings. Topics for research in economic analysis are identified. The SPR Board of Directors endorses the "Standards of Evidence for Conducting and Reporting Economic Evaluations in Prevention Science."

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