The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) commissioned RAND Europe to explore social media use and its links to online radicalisation in Africa. The use of social media by three Islamist terrorist groups based in Africa — al-Shabaab, Boko Haram and ISIL — was analysed across seven countries: Cameroon, Chad, Kenya, Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda. To get to the heart of the issue, the study, conducted in late 2017 and early 2018, drew on three research methods: a structured literature review, key informant interviews and Twitter data analysis.
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