Commentary

Applying the Community Partners in Care Approach to the Opioid Crisis

Published in: Ethnicity & Disease, Volume 28, Supplement 2 (September 2018), Pages 381-388. doi:10.18865/ed.28.S2.381

Posted on RAND.org on March 07, 2019

by Kenneth B. Wells, Katherine E. Watkins, Brian Hurley, Lingqi Tang, Felica Jones, James Gilmore

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Background

Given national concern over rising mortality from opioid use disorders (OUD) and challenges to increasing OUD treatment access, a coalition approach may hold promise to improve access and outcomes for diverse populations. We present considerations of a community-partnered working group on adapting the Community Partners in Care (CPIC) study and coalition approach to OUD.

Method

During January 2016 through January 2017, academic, provider, consumer and policy stakeholders reviewed options to adapt CPIC's Resources for Services (RS) for individual program technical assistance and Community Engagement and Planning (CEP) for coalition support to OUD treatments, integrating stakeholder input into design options with estimated sample sizes.

Findings

The working group recommended Community Reinforcement and Family Treatment (CRAFT) as a stakeholder-support intervention to facilitate uptake and adherence to Medications for Addiction Treatment (MAT). Recommended implementation interventions for MAT/CRAFT were expert technical assistance supplemented by organizational readiness, and CEP for coalition support with a Learning Collaborative. Power estimation suggests that to compare implementation intervention effects on abstinence would require a somewhat larger enrolled sample and 3-4 times the screening sample as CPIC, and for mortality, at least 5–10 times the enrolled sample as CPIC.

Discussion

Stakeholders viewed the CPIC design and interventions as feasible and acceptable as community-wide approaches for addressing the opioid epidemic, but comparing impacts on mortality would require large, multi-site trials.

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