Level 4 Group Triple P

Positive Parenting Programme

Published in: Education Endowment Foundation website (2021)

Posted on RAND.org on July 27, 2021

by Sashka Dimova, Andreas Culora, Lucy Gilder, Emma Leenders, Annemari de Silva, Elena Rosa Brown

Read More

Access further information on this document at educationendowmentfoundation.org.uk

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

Level 4 Group Triple P (Triple P—Positive Parenting Program®) is a parenting intervention delivered over eight weeks for parents of children up to 12 years old. It aims to improve outcomes for children and families by enhancing positive parenting through practicing parenting strategies and observing videos and other parents in the group. It consists of four group face to face sessions followed by three one to one phone consultations and one final face to face group session.

In this project, the programme was targeted at parents of nursery children (aged 3 to 4 years) for whom nursery staff and caregivers had concerns around language and communication or children's behavioural, emotional, or social development. Triple P UK trained and accredited nursery staff to deliver the programme to a maximum of 12 parents per setting.

A total of 68 nurseries (59 school-based and nine private, voluntary, or independent) and 564 children and parents participated in this efficacy trial from September 2019 to July 2020. The original aim was to evaluate the programme using a randomised controlled trial design with outcomes looking at the impact of Level 4 Group Triple P on children's expressive language development and behaviour compared to 'business as usual' practice in control settings. An embedded implementation and process evaluation (IPE) was designed to look at factors involved in implementation, including barriers and facilitators.

However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, closures of early years settings to most pupils between March and May 2020 and the ongoing impact of social distancing policies in summer 2020, the planned assessment of children's language was not possible. Instead, the IPE was redesigned with an additional focus on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on participating families, settings, and delivery of the intervention. IPE measures included surveys and semi-structured interviews with nursery staff in treatment and control settings, semi-structured interviews with parents in treatment and control settings, and three standardised parent questionnaires delivered by nursery staff as part of the Triple P programme pre and post parent training. The trial was funded by the Education Endowment Foundation (EEF), SHINE, and the Department for Education (DfE) as part of their Home Learning Environment funding round.

Research conducted by

This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.