Cover: The Long-Term Incarceration Consequences of Coming-of-Age in a Crime Boom

The Long-Term Incarceration Consequences of Coming-of-Age in a Crime Boom

Published in: Journal of Quantitative Criminology (2022). doi: 10.1007/s10940-022-09559-4

Posted on Oct 4, 2022

by David D B Bjerk, Shawn D. Bushway


We examine the relationship between incarceration rates individuals experience in their thirties and the crime conditions they experienced throughout their youth.


We employ a cross state panel data regression design to assess how the crime conditions state/birth-year cohort members experienced from adolescence through their twenties impacts their incarceration rates in their early thirties.


Birth-year cohorts who experienced higher crime during adolescence had substantially higher incarceration rates in their early thirties than birth-year cohorts in the same state who experienced lower crime during adolescence. By contrast, the crime rates state/birth-year cohorts experienced during their late teens and early twenties have little systematic relationship with their incarceration rates in their thirties.


The crime conditions individuals are exposed to during adolescence appear to be pivotal with respect to their long-term connections with the criminal justice system.

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