This research brief addresses a new estimate of how many U.S. small businesses have owners with criminal history records.
Jun 30, 2021
In this report, researchers estimate how many small businesses have owners with criminal history records and how many businesses were potentially affected by Paycheck Protection Program restrictions on applicants with felony records.
Jun 21, 2021
Making Schools Safer And/Or Escalating Disciplinary Response: A Study of Police Officers in North Carolina Schools
In this study, we try to understand the causal role that school resource officers play in school safety and the day-to-day practice of school discipline by using incident-level administrative data from North Carolina public schools.
Confinement as a Two-Stage Turning Point: Do Changes in Identity or Social Structure Predict Subsequent Changes in Criminal Activity?
We build from prior work on desistance and reentry, contrasting our findings and highlighting the unique insight gained from, as well as challenges of, measuring individual change within our two-stage turning point model.
Scorecards are a common tool for public policy decisionmaking, but none highlight racial disparities in incarceration. We constructed county-level scorecards for racial disparities in incarceration rates for the NY State Permanent Commission on Sentencing.
Oct 21, 2020
Our study highlights that the crime-punishment wave in the 1980s and 1990s created cohort differences in incarceration over the life course that changed the level of incarceration even decades after the wave.
Oct 1, 2020
In this review, we find that (a) US employers' use of conviction information is not clearly aligned with the risk of future criminal behavior or employer costs, and (b) using such information leads to hiring errors that pose costs to society.
This article reviews prior literature, evaluating an algorithm used to determine prison sentencing for criminals with prior history.
Apr 15, 2020
An Ounce of Prevention, a Pound of Uncertainty: The Cost-Effectiveness of School-Based Drug Prevention Programs
Focuses on school-based drug prevention programs that have proven effective in formal evaluations.
The United States has for some time now been spending tens of billions of dollars a year in an attempt to control the trafficking and use of illicit drugs; most of those dollars have been used to support stricter enforcement.