Employment and Unemployment


An individual's education, age, and health status may present barriers or opportunities to employability, just as a region's economy, tax base, and number of immigrants and emigrants may affect job availability. RAND research examines the impact of a range of policies and forces—personal, regional, and global—on employment and unemployment.

  • A 3D printer making a wrench with bright green filament, photo by wsf-f/Adobe Stock

    Research Brief

    The U.S. Workforce Development and Employment System Needs an Overhaul

    Sep 19, 2019

    Despite globalization, technology, and demographic changes, the U.S. approach to education, training, and workforce development still operates on a 20th-century model. Americans need a system that provides on-ramps for transitioning individuals to access opportunities while suitably matching workers and jobs.

  • Greeting new colleague

    Research Brief

    What Policies Are Most Effective at Incentivizing Employers to Hire Ex-Offenders?

    Feb 14, 2018

    Ex-offenders are less likely to be hired than members of other disadvantaged groups, and former felons with poor economic outcomes are more likely to return to criminal activity. A survey of 100 employers examined how they responded to incentives to hire people with felony criminal records.

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