Employment and Unemployment

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An individual's education, age, and health status may present barriers or opportunities to employability, just as a region's economy, tax base, and number of immigrants and emigrants may affect job availability. RAND research examines the impact of a range of policies and forces—personal, regional, and global—on employment and unemployment.

  • People working at a stressful customer service call center, photo by IPGGutenbergUKLtd/Getty Images

    Report

    U.S. Workplace Is Physically and Emotionally Taxing

    Aug 14, 2017

    Americans face unpleasant and potentially hazardous working conditions, physical exertion, unstable schedules, and have to work during their free time. Despite these challenges, they have some autonomy, most feel confident about their skill set, and many receive social support on the job.

  • Veteran filling out job application, photo by Mie Ahmt/iStock

    Report

    More Research Would Inform Innovative Approaches to Veteran Employment

    Aug 22, 2016

    While the aim of veteran employment programs is to help veterans transition to civilian jobs, their impact is unclear. RAND hosted two workshops to recommend improvements to veteran employment opportunities and identify research gaps.

Explore Employment and Unemployment

  • Three woman talking in an office

    Commentary

    Why the IPS Success Story Needs to Be Unpicked

    The Individual Placement and Support model, which helps people with severe mental illness gain employment, has been a major statistical success. Why does it work and how it might be applied to other vulnerable populations?

    Aug 15, 2017

  • News Release

    American Workplace Is Physically and Emotionally Taxing; Most Workers Receive Support from Boss and Friends at Work

    The American workplace is taxing, with workers facing unstable work schedules, unpleasant and hazardous working conditions, and an often hostile social environment. But American workers have a certain degree of autonomy on the job, feel confident about their skill set, and receive social support while on the job.

    Aug 14, 2017

  • A construction worker in a hard hat carrying pipes

    Project

    American Working Conditions Survey

    The American Working Conditions Survey is a survey of more than 3000 workers, using the American Life Panel.

    Aug 14, 2017

  • An older factory worker in a factory, with a younger male worker in the background

    Research Brief

    More Than Half of Retirees Would Return to Work

    Results from the American Working Conditions Survey show that, overall, older workers report having more meaningful work and more workplace flexibility than their younger peers; and more than half of retirees would return to work under the right conditions.

    Aug 14, 2017

  • Three factory workers standing next to a message board in a factory

    Tool

    The American Working Conditions Survey Data: Codebook and Data Description

    This codebook describes the content and structure of the American Working Conditions Survey data (AWCS) which was fielded on the RAND American Life Panel (ALP) in 2015.

    Aug 14, 2017

  • A business woman working at a laptop in an office

    Research Brief

    How Do Americans Perceive the Workplace?

    For many Americans, the workplace is hectic, hazardous, and physically demanding. But many retirees would still consider rejoining the workforce if the right opportunity came along.

    Aug 14, 2017

  • Journal Article

    In with the Big, Out with the Small: Removing Small-Scale Reservations in India

    Our analysis suggests that the removal of small-scale reservations increased overall employment by encouraging the growth of younger, larger establishments—those that are most likely to pay higher wages, create more investment, be more productive, and generate growth in employment.

    Aug 8, 2017

  • First Sgt. Raquel Steckman, with the 374th Engineer Company (Sapper), headquartered in Concord, California, jokes with her Soldiers before the start of formation.

    Commentary

    Military Power Is All About People: A Return to Personnel Policy

    Ensuring the strength of U.S. armed forces is critical to U.S. national security and the key source of strength is its people. True investment in personnel is a long-term legacy and an investment worthy of attention and policy debate to ensure the United States continues to recruit and retain the most effective fighting force in the world.

    Jul 27, 2017

  • Woman chopping vegetables in a restaurant kitchen

    Commentary

    California's Tourism Industry: A Launching Pad for New Careers

    Travel and tourism jobs in California often serve as an entry point for those outside the paid labor force. Nearly 55 percent leave the industry within a few years, some of whom move to another industry but keep the same occupation. Others change occupations as they change industries.

    Jun 29, 2017

  • The Santa Monica Pier in California, illuminated at night with a reflection on shoreline

    Report

    The Effects of Travel and Tourism on California's Economy

    California's travel and tourism industry employs a diverse workforce that makes a meaningful contribution to the state's economy. For some, the industry offers a stable career path with good wages and wage growth. For others, it's a launching point into other industries.

    Jun 27, 2017

  • Tool

    Regional Maps of the Appalachia Partnership Initiative Region

    The interactive tool highlights the geographic reach of Appalachia Partnership Initiative programs that address STEM K-12 education and workforce development needs in the Greater Pittsburgh area's advanced manufacturing and energy sectors.

    May 31, 2017

  • A father feeding his newborn baby

    Commentary

    Why Europe's Work-Life Balance Proposal Could Be in Limbo for Years

    The work-life balance proposal has a chance of having an impact on the labor markets and welfare systems in Europe. However, given the variation in policies across member states and levels of political support among key stakeholders, the proposal may end up stuck in negotiations.

    May 30, 2017

  • Journal Article

    Labor Supply Estimation Biases from Disregarding Nonwage Benefits

    This paper develops and estimates a stochastic dynamic model of occupation and job choice, where nonwage benefits are directly incorporated into the decision alongside wages.

    May 10, 2017

  • Report

    The impact of the National Minimum Wage on employment: A meta-analysis

    The report considers the effects of the UK national minimum wage on different labour market sub-groups since 1999. The findings suggest that increases in the national minimum wage had no negative employment effects on the overall UK labour market.

    Apr 20, 2017

  • Events @ RAND Audio Podcast

    Multimedia

    Why Prison Education Matters

    In this Events @ RAND podcast, our panel of experts discuss the costs and benefits of using education to stop the prison revolving door, and the effectiveness of programs like The Last Mile, which prepares inmates for reentry by providing them with marketable skills.

    Apr 6, 2017

  • Report

    Workplace Wellbeing Charter: Analysis of take-up and impact

    In 2014, Public Health England published the Workplace Wellbeing Charter (WWC), a set of national standards for workplace health designed to aid employers in workplace health improvement. This study investigates the take-up and impact of the WWC.

    Apr 5, 2017

  • An oil and gas worker operates a drilling rig

    Report

    Wages, Employment, and STEM Education in Appalachia

    An ongoing assessment of employment and wages in energy and advanced manufacturing industries in the Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia region captures trends about which counties might have greater demand for educating or employing local talent in STEM careers.

    Mar 22, 2017

  • Soldier reunited with his daughter on a sunny day

    Research Brief

    Assessing the Needs of Massachusetts' Veterans

    Massachusetts veterans have unmet needs for education, employment, health care, housing, financial, and legal services. Researchers assessed these needs to help inform state investments and guide efforts to remedy barriers to access.

    Mar 7, 2017

  • Two military dog tags on an American flag

    Tool

    Supporting Veterans in Massachusetts: Interactive Data Tool and Directory of Resources

    This interactive tool features data from a study of the education, employment, health care, housing, financial, and legal needs of Massachusetts veterans and can help inform investments in services and guide efforts to remedy barriers to access.

    Mar 7, 2017

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