Cover: The Association of the Medicaid 1915(c) Home and Community-Based Services Waivers with Emergency Department Utilization Among Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder

The Association of the Medicaid 1915(c) Home and Community-Based Services Waivers with Emergency Department Utilization Among Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Published in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, Volume 52, pages 1587–1597 (April 2022). doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05060-2

Posted on rand.org Nov 13, 2023

by Guodong Liu, Diana L. Velott, Lan Kong, Andrew W. Dick, David Mandell, Bradley D. Stein, Michael J. Murray, Djibril M. Ba, Zuleyha Cidav, Douglas L. Leslie

Using the 2008-2013 Medicaid Analytic eXtract files, this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the effect of Medicaid home and community-based services (HCBS) waiver programs on emergency department (ED) utilizations among youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Our study showed that the annual ED utilization rates were 13.5% and 18.8% for individuals on autism specific and intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) waivers respectively, vs. 28.5% for those without a waiver. Multivariable logistic regression showed that, compared to no waiver, autism specific waivers (adjusted odds ratio: 0.62; 95% Confidence Interval: [0.58–0.66]) and IDD waivers (0.65; [0.64–0.66]) were strongly associated with reduced ED. These findings suggest that HCBS waivers are effective in reducing the incidence of ED visits among youth with ASD.

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