This Issue Paper examines the future of Russian weapons acquisition and military R&D, hypothesizing that the most fruitful way to examine what is still a primordial soup is to take a regional approach. Based on preliminary observations and research, the authors argue that in terms of the Russian R&D establishment that will develop, the regions are clearly no longer passive players in the federal-local game, but will now be active in shaping national policy. Over the next few years, the interdependence of regional and state levels are expected to develop along new lines, divorced from the old Communist, center-dominated system. Science and technology, both military and civilian, will play a central role in this evolution. Given the unevenness and diversity of the diminished but still vast Russian science establishment, individual case studies, tracing the evolution of the major regional R&D centers, will offer the best insights into Russia's resurgent military potential.
Levy, Claire M. and Sharon Leiter, Russian Military R&D: Are the Regions Taking Charge? Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 1993. https://www.rand.org/pubs/issue_papers/IP137.html.
Levy, Claire M. and Sharon Leiter, Russian Military R&D: Are the Regions Taking Charge? RAND Corporation, IP-137-A, 1993. As of November 29, 2023: https://www.rand.org/pubs/issue_papers/IP137.html