Testing is closely linked with the current emphasis on standards-based reform and accountability. The use of test scores for tracking, promotion, and graduation is on the rise and suggests that the need for valid and reliable data on individual student achievement will continue to grow. However, reliance on paper-and-pencil multiple-choice tests limits the kinds of skills that can be measured. Computer-based testing offers the opportunity to develop new types of questions, especially those that can assess complex problem-solving skills by requiring examinees to generate their own answers. The authors investigate the feasibility of delivering computer-based tests via the Internet. They conclude that such a system would decrease testing time, enhance security, and make possible rapid reporting and novel types of testing. But more research is needed to provide the foundation for a smooth and effective transition to web-based testing.
Hamilton, Laura S., Stephen P. Klein, and William Lorie, Using Web Based Testing for Large Scale Assessment. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2000. https://www.rand.org/pubs/issue_papers/IP196.html.
Hamilton, Laura S., Stephen P. Klein, and William Lorie, Using Web Based Testing for Large Scale Assessment, Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation, IP-196, 2000. As of November 16, 2021: https://www.rand.org/pubs/issue_papers/IP196.html