Groundwater Recharge with Reclaimed Water
Birth Outcomes in Los Angeles County, 1982-1993
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This book is an assessment of the effects on human health of reclaimed water. The assessment focuses on adverse outcomes among liveborn infants, including low birth weight, preterm birth, infant mortality, and birth defects, from 1982 to 1993. Outcome rates in the Montebello Forebay area, which has received some reclaimed water in its water supply since 1962, are compared with a control area that received no reclaimed water. Using a cohort study design, this epidemiologic assessment analyzes outcome data on individuals classified by a ZIP code-level percentage of reclaimed water. The results of the study do not provide evidence of an association between reclaimed water and adverse birth outcomes.
Table of Contents
Summary and Discussion
Epidemiologic Studies of Drinking Water and Adverse Birth Outcomes
Methods Used to Estimate the Percentage of Reclaimed Water in Montebello Forebay Groundwater Supplies
Percentage of Reclaimed Water in Montebello Forebay Water System Service Areas and Zip Codes by Year, 1982-1993
Minimum Detectable Odds Ratio for Each Outcome and Exposure Group
Results of Sensitivity Analyses Using Logistic Regression Models of Prenatal Development Outcomes and Infant Mortality
Results of Sensitivity Analyses Using Logistic Regression Models for Birth Defect Outcomes
The research described in this report was sponsored by the Water Replenishment District of Southern California and performed under the auspices of RAND Health.
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