This report, part of the congressionally mandated active/reserve assessment study, explains and illustrates the methods, assumptions, and data that RAND used to estimate the costs of alternative force mixes and structures for the Army and the Air Force. The costing task assisted in designing the alternatives, which were sized to meet two possible targets for long-run annual recurring costs, one similar to the existing defense Base Force program and the other consistent with recent proposals to reduce defense spending further. During the study's evaluation phase, the costing task examined the near-term cost of achieving each alternative.
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