The Public Benefit of Energy Efficiency to the State of Washington

by Mark A. Bernstein, Christopher G. Pernin, Sam Loeb, Mark Alan Hanson


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The authors estimated energy efficiency by means of energy intensity measures controlled for sectoral composition and energy prices, among other factors. Using this estimate, they address the public benefits of energy efficiency improvements in the industrial and commercial sectors to Washington state's economy from 1977 to 1997. They found that declines in energy intensity have been associated with increased economic growth, improved air quality, and direct benefits to Washington residents.

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