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How does deployment affect reenlistment? The authors look at this issue in wake of the high rate of military deployment throughout the 1990s and with the prospect that deployment will rise even more in the coming years. The research uses two models to analyze deployment and reenlistment: one focusing on the direct effect of deployment indicators on reenlistment, and the other looking at both the direct effect of deployment and its indirect effect through the rate of promotion. The authors found that reenlistment was higher among members who deployed compared with those who did not, and that sizeable increases in deployments, all hostile, appeared unlikely to reduce reenlistment. The research suggests that past deployment influences current reenlistment behavior because it enables members to learn about their preferences for deployment and about its frequency and duration, which may revise members' previously held, more-naive expectations.

Table of Contents

  • Preface PDF

  • Figures PDF

  • Tables PDF

  • Summary PDF

  • Acknowledgments PDF

  • Abbreviations PDF

  • Chapter One

    Introduction PDF

  • Chapter Two

    Theoretical Framework and Empirical Models PDF

  • Chapter Three

    Data and Measures of Deployment PDF

  • Chapter Four

    Empirical Results From the Reenlistment Model PDF

  • Chapter Five

    Empirical Results From the Promotion/Reenlistment Model PDF

  • Chapter Six

    Closing Thoughts PDF

  • Appendix A

    Deployment-Related Pay PDF

  • Appendix B

    Accuracy of Deployment Measures PDF

  • Appendix C

    Means and Standard Deviations PDF

  • Appendix D

    Regression Results PDF

  • Appendix E

    Glossary of Variables PDF

  • References PDF

The research described in this report was performed under the auspices of RAND's National Security Research Division.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.