The Indonesian military, with its tradition of secular nationalism, is one of the few institutions that cut across the divides of Indonesian society. As it continues to play a critical part in determining Indonesia's future development, the military itself is undergoing profound change. The authors of this book explore the role of the military in politics and society since the fall of President Suharto in 1998. They examine key research issues that are central to the strategic interests of the United States in Asia: Will the Indonesian military be a constructive force supporting democratic processes or will it opt for authoritarian solutions? What are some realistic goals for further progress on military reform? And how can the United States engage the Indonesian military most effectively to help bring about positive change? To answer these questions, the authors present several strategic scenarios for Indonesia, each of which has important implications for U.S.-Indonesian relations, and propose goals for Indonesian military reform and elements of a U.S. engagement policy.
Table of Contents
Origins and Institutional Development of the Armed Forces
Doctrinal Change: From "Total People's Defense and Security" to the "New Paradigm"
Changes in the Intelligence Function
The Changing Political Role of the Military
Inside the TNI: Career Patterns, Factionalism, and Military Cohesion
The Military's Funding and Economic Interests
The Challenge of Terrorism and Religious Extremism
Communal Conflict in Eastern and Central Indonesia
Separatist Movements in Aceh and Papua
The Rocky Course of U.S.-Indonesian Military Relations
Strategic Scenarios for Indonesia and Their Implications
Goals for Indonesian Military Reform and Elements of a U.S. Engagement Strategy
"Drawing on personal experience in the region and a series of interviews with senior TNI leaders, RAND analyst Angel Rabasa and former U.S. Defense Attaché Colonel John Haseman provide a concise primer on the TNI and what the United States might expect in the near future… The study is an excellent factual introduction to current security issues in Indonesia."
- Military Review, June 2004