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Next Generation Environmental Technologies (NGETs) focus on the redesign, at the molecular level, of manufacturing processes and products, with the aim of reducing or eliminating the use of hazardous materials. This report examines the research, development, and commercialization of NGETs, many derived from "green chemistry." The report also assesses benefits of NGETs and outlines ways to reduce barriers to their development and implementation. In addition to the main report, an appendix examines 25 case studies of NGETs that span a range of development, from early research to full use in profitable businesses. The authors find that, although green chemistry can be a powerful source of environmentally and economically beneficial technologies, the development of these NGETs is still in its infancy; substantial work is needed to create new NGETs and to encourage their use.

Table of Contents

  • Summary

  • Preface

    All Prefatory Materials

  • Introduction

  • What Are Next Generation Environmental Technologies?

  • Mechanisms for Gaining the Benefits from NGETs

  • Lessons from Case Studies

  • Longer-Term Opportunities for NGETs

  • Conclusions and Observations

  • Appendix A

    Descriptions of the 25 Case Studies

  • Appendix B

    Government Policies and Increased Adoption of NGETs

  • Appendix C

    Opportunities for Further Study: Additional Cases from the First International Conference on Green & Sustainable Chemistry, Tokyo, March 2003

The research described in this report was conducted by RAND's Science and Technology Policy Institute for the Office of Science and Technology Policy.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

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