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Workforce planning is an activity intended to ensure that investment in human capital results in the timely capability to effectively carry out an organization's strategic intent. At the behest of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, RAND developed a methodology for conducting workforce planning-a methodology applicable in any organization. This report focuses on the role of an organization's senior leaders in workforce planning. The authors recommend that these leaders should institute workforce planning as part of organizational strategic planning; provide clear guidance to those charged with carrying out overall strategy; ensure that the right people participate in the planning process; lead the effort-both physically and intellectually; and monitor the results of the workforce-planning process. Finally, they should focus on the business case and act on any viable business case produced. (See also MR-1684/1-OSD.)

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    Needs and Purposes

  • Chapter Three

    Context: Organizational and Human Capital Strategic Planning

  • Chapter Four

    Executive Roles in Workforce Planning

  • Chapter Five


The research described in this report was sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD). The research was conducted in the RAND National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center supported by the OSD, the Joint Staff, the unified commands, and the defense agencies.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

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