European Defense and the Future of Transatlantic Cooperation

by Scott A. Harris, James Steinberg


Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 3.1 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback78 pages $15.00 $12.00 20% Web Discount

This study examines the evolution of the European Defense “Identity” (EDI) in the context of the changing security environment of the post-Cold War period. It discusses competing approaches to constructing the EDI, as well as key U.S. goals that bear on U.S. policy toward the EDI. These goals include retaining NATO’s primacy as the forum for security discussions among the Allies and as the exclusive means for organizing the defense of NATO territory, while strengthening the ability of the European Allies to act outside NATO, either as a U.S. partner or independently if the U.S. chooses not to act. The authors recommend a two-pronged strategy: foster NATO’s evolution to maintain its relevance and effectiveness, while seeking to shape the emerging EDI in ways compatible with U.S. interests and objectives. One aspect of this strategy is to accept that the EDI can become the defense arm of the European Community (EC). This would not necessarily harm U.S. interests, so long as the EC does not neglect the security needs of Central and Eastern European countries. As the emerging democracies in Central and Eastern Europe develop links with the EDI, the U.S. should support extending NATO ties as well, including NATO membership to preserve the congruence of the EC and NATO security guarantees.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.