This report considers the past and current interests and objectives of Europe, Japan, and the United States in the Middle East. The report examines the reasons for the persistence of these interests: oil dependencies, trade relations, and Middle Eastern debt to extra-regional powers. It concludes that the United States can be most effective in promoting stability in the area by leading an international group of nations, including Middle Eastern states, in the development of long-term, far-reaching strategies in pursuit of mutually beneficial goals.
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