Jan 1, 1993
Public opinion polls come and go, yet every now and then one captures a society in transition. A recent poll conducted for RAND and the Friedrich-Naumann Foundation by Infratest Burke Berlin in late 1994, the most recent in a series initiated in 1990 under the rubric of "German Strategy and Public Opinion After the Wall," highlights just how far German public opinion has shifted since the end of the Cold War (as well as where it has not) on a range of foreign and security policy issues central to Germany's future role in Europe and the Atlantic Alliance. Germany's strategic orientation remains unequivocally pro-Western. Public support for NATO is increasing. Germans support a strong European Union (EU), not as an alternative to the Atlantic Alliance but as a stepping stone to a new, more balanced partnership between the United States and Europe. At the same time, Germans are realizing that they face a new and broad spectrum of possible threats and security challenges in and around Europe. Germans have also made the conceptual leap, at least in principle, to a new security role beyond national defense. But whereas Germans support more engagement in principle, they seem to shy away when specific scenarios are involved. Many of the building blocks for a new consensus on security policy may already be in place. This new consensus, however, has not yet come together — perhaps in part because of the lack of leadership and consensus in the political class.
Germany's Geopolitical Maturation
The U.S. and NATO
Germany in the European Union
Germany's World Role