Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 3.2 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback87 pages $13.00

Military compensation is complex, consisting of over 70 different pays and entitlements, some of which are cash payments and some of which are in-kind transfers. This study provides a baseline description of the structure of enlisted-personnel compensation. It documents which pays service members receive, how much they receive, and how compensation varies by such individual characteristics as gender, race, occupation, family composition, and Armed Forces Qualification Test score. While the largest contributor to average levels of compensation is Basic Pay, the largest contributors to differences in pay across individuals are enlistment/reenlistment bonuses and retirement benefits. The two characteristics associated with the biggest observed differences in compensation are years of service and having dependents. Compensation is significantly different statistically across other individual characteristics, but the magnitudes of the differences are relatively small. While this baseline description does not model the sources of the relationships between compensation and individual characteristics or explain why the observed patterns exist, the results can serve to identify areas in which future behavioral analysis would be especially fruitful. It will interest those involved in military compensation or military personnel management.

This research was conducted within RAND's National Defense Research Institute.

This report is part of the RAND monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of RAND from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.