The Implications of the Possible End of the Arab-Israeli Conflict for Gulf Security

by Zalmay Khalilzad, David A. Shlapak, Daniel Byman


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This report is intended to help the U.S. military — especially the U.S. Air Force — capitalize on changes in the Middle East security environment that may come about after a comprehensive Arab-Israeli peace. It offers an overview of how the Arab-Israeli dispute has complicated U.S. efforts to defend the Persian Gulf region and details ways in which Israeli participation might aid the U.S. Air Force in future crises if peace reduces the stigma attached to an Israeli security role in the area. The report concludes by noting the implications of the above points for the U.S. military.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    The Importance of the Persian Gulf

  • Chapter Three

    Israel’s Influence on the U.S. Presence in the Gulf

  • Chapter Four

    Cautious Progress on Cooperation

  • Chapter Five

    The Value of Israeli Participation to the U.S. Air Force in the Event of a Crisis in the Region

  • Chapter Six

    Scenarios Potentially Involving a U.S. Military Response

  • Chapter Seven

    Implications for Gulf Security and the U.S. Air Force

  • Appendix A

    Future Fault Lines

  • Appendix B

    The State of U.S.-Israel Cooperation Today

  • Appendix C

    On Weapons of Mass Destruction

Research conducted by

This study was conducted as part of the Strategy and Doctrine program of Project AIR FORCE, headed by Dr. Zalmay M. Khalilzad. The study was sponsored by the Director of Plans, Headquarters, U.S. Air Force (AF/XOX).

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

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