RAND Study Finds Most Schools Fail to Fully Adopt Reform Models Designed to Boost Student Achievement
Nov 9, 2006
Focus on Implementation
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Despite increasing pressure for improving student achievement, most studies of comprehensive school reforms show only a modest effect — or sometimes no effect at all. But if reform has not been implemented, or has been implemented only in part, changes in student achievement cannot be expected. To fill the “implementation measurement” gap, the authors developed a unique methodology to quantitatively measure the level of school reform implementation. They applied this methodology to measure actual implementation of four different models in a large number of schools, along with a corresponding set of non-model schools. They found that very few schools have fully implemented their reform model. Practices in model and non-model schools are similar, although some practices are implemented more thoroughly or frequently when prescribed by a model. At the current level of implementation, comprehensive school reform is likely to have little effect on student achievement.
Measuring CSR Model Implementation
Sources of Data
Conformance to Model Design
Practices of Model and Nonmodel Schools
Supporting CSR Models: Factors That Impact Model Implementation
Protocol for Interviews with Model Developers
“Should Have or Do” CSR Model Requirements
Number of Schools with Longitudinal Data, by Years of Implementation
Principal and Teacher Questionnaires
Imputation for Missing Data
Implementation Standardized Scores, by Years of Implementation
Implementation Standardized Scores Specific to Each Model
Implementation Standardized Scores, by Model and Nonmodel Schools
Model Support and School Background Variables
Support of Implementation of Individual Models
The research described in this report was conducted within RAND Education under a grant from the U.S. Department of Education.
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