Describes the influence of individual differences in ability and subject-selected learning procedures and strategies for acquiring knowledge from maps. Verbal protocols were obtained from 25 subjects selected for their differences on psychometric tests measuring spatial restructuring and visual memory abilities. These protocols indicated a number of learning procedures and strategies that subjects used to focus attention, encode information, and evaluate their learning progress while studying a map. High-ability subjects differed from low-ability subjects in their recall of spatial attributes of the map, use of imagery for encoding spatial information, and adoption of attention-focusing strategies to guide their approach to the map-learning problem.
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