Of the five countries adjacent to Arctic waters, the Soviet Union borders about 50 percent of the entire Arctic perimeter. The Soviet Northern Fleet operates out of the Kola Peninsula, one of the largest military basing areas in the world. It is learning a great deal about the environment and has adapted its submarine designs accordingly. Canada and the United States have cooperated in meeting the air threat through NORAD, the North American Air Defense Command, now being modernized. However, naval cooperation is complicated by sovereignty concerns. Both countries are paying more attention to underwater detection capabilities. In an era of extreme budget pressures, the two countries should examine options for working together to monitor subsurface activities. Information-sharing would be an essential part of any joint monitoring plan, requiring a reorganization of information flow channels.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Note series. The note was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1979 to 1993 that reported other outputs of sponsored research for general distribution.
This research in the public interest was supported by RAND, using discretionary funds made possible by the generosity of RAND's donors, the fees earned on client-funded research, and independent research and development (IR&D) funds provided by the Department of Defense.
Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.