Cover: Tutoring Techniques in Algebra

Tutoring Techniques in Algebra

Published 1991

by David J. McArthur, Cathy Stasz, Mary Zmuidzinas

Download

Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 2.1 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.

Purchase

Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback48 pages $23.00

Although one-to-one tutoring has been regarded as the most effective method of teaching, surprisingly little is understood about tutoring expertise. Much educational research focuses on classroom teaching, while the few studies that focus on one-to-one tutoring do not offer a precise information-processing account of this skill. This Note describes the authors' initial attempts to study one-to-one tutoring. The goal of the research is to construct a detailed cognitive model of the reasoning and knowledge of an expert human tutor. The method the authors have employed is a variant of knowledge engineering. They videotaped tutoring sessions with expert teachers, subjecting them to a detailed analysis whose aim was to abstract the tutors' knowledge structures. The Note describes some important tutoring techniques they have isolated using these methods. The authors discuss several dimensions along which tutors appear to be intelligent planners and problem solvers. Finally, they note several implications of the research, including its potential impact on the construction of intelligent computer-based tutoring systems.

This report is part of the RAND note series. The note was a product of RAND from 1979 to 1993 that reported other outputs of sponsored research for general distribution.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit www.rand.org/pubs/permissions.

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.